Learn how to apply for your child’s Social Security number.
A Social Security total is the federal politics ‘s room of identifying your child. Your child will need a Social Security phone number in order for you to claim child-related tax breaks—such as the dependent exemption and the child tax credit—on your income taxes. You will besides need the number to add your new baby to your health indemnity design, to set up a college salvage design or bank account for your child, or to apply for government benefits that could help your little one .
here ‘s how to get a Social Security number for your baby .
How to Apply for a Social Security Number
The easiest way to apply for a Social Security count for your child is to complete a parentage registration form, which has a box you can check to request a phone number for your child. To complete the form, you will need to provide both parents ‘ Social Security numbers.
For most raw parents, it ‘s easy to obtain the parentage registration form, because hospitals normally distribute them while the beget is still a patient .
But if you did n’t deliver your pamper in the hospital or if for some other reason you were never given a parturition registration shape to complete, you can visit your local Social Security Administration ( SSA ) office and request a total in person. This procedure requires you to do three things :
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- Complete Form SS-5 (Application for Social Security Number) and provide both parents’ Social Security numbers on the form. To save time, download and complete Form SS-5 from the SSA website (www.socialsecurity.gov/online/ss-5.pdf) before you go.
- Provide at least two documents proving your baby’s age, identity, and citizenship status. One document should ideally be your child’s birth certificate. The other document can be your child’s hospital birth record or other medical record.
- Provide proof of your own identity. Your driver’s license and passport are both acceptable.
Find the SSA office near you by logging on to the SSA ‘s Office Locator at www.socialsecurity.gov/locator. If you ‘d prefer, you can send in a completed Form SS-5 along with your identification documents to your local SSA office by mail. Most people apply in person, however, because you ‘ll need to provide the SSA with originals or certifiable copies of all identification documents .
once you ‘ve submitted your application, you should receive a Social Security tease in six to 12 weeks. It may take well longer to process your application if your child is one class of age or older, because the SSA will contact your state ‘s department of full of life statistics to confirm that the parturition certificate you have provided is valid.
If You Are Adopting a Child
If the child you are adopting is a United States citizen, your child may have a Social Security number already. But if you are adopting domestically and your child does not have one, you can obtain an Adoption Taxpayer Identification Number ( ATIN ) to claim child-related tax breaks while your child ‘s adoption is pending. To apply for one, complete IRS Form W-7A, Application for Taxpayer Identification Number for Pending U.S. Adoptions. The ATIN will be valid for only two years, at which point you can extend it if your child ‘s adoption is still not final. Once the borrowing is concluding, you must stop using the ATIN and get a Social Security number for your child following the process described above .
If you are adopting a child from another country, you will have to wait until the borrowing is final and your child has entered the United States before you can obtain a Social Security numeral for your child. once that happens, you can use the process described above .
To Learn More
To find out more about child-related tax breaks, see Tax Breaks Every parent Should Know About .