How Long Does It Take to Refinance a House? | Finance of America Mortgage

A refinance can take 30 to 45 days to close, depending on a variety of factors. Understanding how the refi process works and how long each of those steps take will provide you with a naturalistic timeline. Refinancing is the process of replacing an existing mortgage with a new loan. But precisely how long does it take to refinance a house and how soon can you refinance a firm after buying it ? You might expect a refinance to be faster than getting your first mortgage, but the approval serve for a refinance and an master lend are about the lapp .

How long does it take to refinance a house?

A refinance normally takes 30 to 60 days to close, depending on how many people are refinancing, appraisal requirements, and the lend type. A refinance took an median of 43 days to close in August 2021, according to ICE Mortgage Technology, a party that provides mortgage management software. In that month, the average time to close a refi ranged from 43 days for conventional loans to 51 days for FHA loans. VA refis took an average of 49 days .
several factors can affect how long the refinance action takes. For case, delays in getting an appraisal or problems uncovered in the title search can slow the work. The investment banker may besides need extra paperwork from the applicant and pause the approval process while waiting for the homeowner to respond.

In some cases, applicants may choose to waive the appraisal to speed the refinance process. The share of refinances using appraisal waivers has grown substantially in the past few years, reaching about 43 % for some loans in 2020, according to data from the american Enterprise Institute. While you may be able to refinance without an appraisal, an appraisal could show you have more equity in the house than the lender estimates and increase the amount of cash you can take out .

Refinance mortgage process explained

The refinance mortgage process includes multiple steps. The lender will check your finances to be certain you can afford the payments and confirm the value of the place before approving the lend. Below is a sample timeline for the respective steps in the refinance process. Keep in mind, though, how farseeing it takes to refinance a firm will depend on your finances and documentation, loan program requirements, whether an appraisal is needed, and the bulk of commercial enterprise your lender is handling .

Steps time
application 1-2 days
initial review 3 days
appraisal 7-10 days
Title search 10-14 days
Underwriting 3-10 days


After you ’ ve shopped around for a new mortgage, you must apply with the lender. You ’ ll have to fill out some paperwork and resign documents

  • Pay stubs for the last month
  • W-2 forms for the last two tax years
  • Tax forms for the last two years
  • Banks statements for the previous two months

The lender may require extra documentation if you ’ rhenium freelance, earn commissions, or otherwise have an income that varies from month to month .
It may take time to gather all the documents, so getting organized before you apply can speed the serve. many lenders have an on-line portal where you can upload your documents.

Initial review

After you apply for the refinance, the lender must send you a lend appraisal withinthree business days. The estimate shows your estimated monthly requital and estimated close costs .


The lender will arrange an appraisal of the property to determine its fair marketplace respect. An appraiser is an independent adept who will compare the dwelling to others recently sold in the area to determine its value .
The appraiser has to schedule a visit to the home, conduct an inspection, compare data, and write and deliver the report, so it can take a week or more to complete the process. When there ’ s a eminent demand for mortgages, appraisers are interfering, and it can take longer to get an appraisal .

Title search

During the title search, a claim professional will go through populace records to determine you are the rightful owner of the property. .


cover is the summons of examining your fiscal information to confirm you qualify for the loanword. The insurance company will check your credit file, verify your assets, look into your debts, and confirm your use. The time it takes for the insurance broker to complete the summons varies. In cases where the finances are childlike, .

What you can do to speed up your mortgage refinance

Some steps in the refinance process are out of your hands. For exercise, the appraiser and title seeker are third parties neither you nor the lender controls .
however, there are steps you can take to help the refinance process go smoothly and keep off delays .

  • Check your credit before you apply for a mortgage refinance. Problems in your credit reputation, such as late payments and charge-offs, hurt your credit score. such issues can delay blessing or prevent you from receiving a new mortgage, therefore clean up your credit before applying .
  • Fill out the mortgage application wholly. Missing and incomplete documents can slow the process, as the investment banker will have to contact you to request the missing material .
  • Respond promptly when the insurance broker requests more information. Any delays on your end can slow the cover action and delay approval .
  • collaborate with the appraiser. The appraiser may contact you to schedule a visit to your property. Schedule the visit adenine soon as possible so the appraiser can get the data needed for the appraisal. Be certain to declutter your house and provide the appraiser with details about upgrades you ’ ve made to the theater .

Refinance mortgage process FAQs

How soon can you refinance a mortgage after closing? 
How soon you can refinance a mortgage after closing depends on the terms of the mortgage. Some types of loans have a
Can you refinance without an appraisal? 
You may be able to refinance without an appraisal, depending on the lender and the character of mortgage you apply for .
Can a mortgage loan be denied after an appraisal?  
Yes, if the home plate appraises for less than the sum of your mortgage, you can be denied a mortgage refinance .
You can besides be denied a mortgage after an appraisal for reasons that have nothing to do with the home ’ mho valuation. For case, if the insurance broker finds you ’ ve taken on significant debt and your debt-to-income ratio is no long within the lender ’ mho requirements, you could be denied a loan at that stage of the mortgage refinance march.

Can I get my own appraisal for a refinance? 
The lender will order an appraisal, and you can not select the appraiser. however
Trying to decide if you should refinance ? talk to a local finance of America Mortgage Advisor to learn more about your options .

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