Plug-In Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Research Center FAQ – Plug-In Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Research Center

FAQ

moving to electric drive2What is a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)?

A circuit board hybrid electric fomite ( differently known as a circuit board hybrid ) is a vehicle with both an electric motor and a gasoline engine. It can be fueled using both electricity and gasoline. The Chevy Volt and Ford C-MAX Energi are examples of a circuit board hybrid vehicle. Most major automakers presently offer or will soon offer circuit board loanblend models .

What is an electric vehicle (EV)?

An electric vehicle, sometimes besides called a battery electric vehicle ( BEV ) is a car with an electric motive and battery, fueled lone by electricity. The Nissan Leaf and Tesla Model S are examples of an electric fomite. many automakers presently offer or will soon offer circuit board loanblend models .

What is a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)?

Plug-in electric vehicles are a class of vehicles that includes both circuit board hybrids ( PHEVs ) and battery electric vehicles ( BEVs ) – any vehicle that has the ability to circuit board. All of the models mentioned previously fall into this class .

Why would I want to drive a PEV?

first and foremost, PEVs are fun to drive – more on that below. They ’ ra besides better for the environment. PEVs are able to reduce the sum vehicle emissions through using electricity alternatively of gasoline. In most areas of the U.S., electricity produces fewer emissions per mile than gasoline, and in some areas, including California, driving on electricity is MUCH cleaner than burning gasoline. And, with the increasing lurch toward renewable energy genesis, the U.S. electricity grid is getting cleaner each class. Most of the time, its besides cheaper per mile to drive on electricity versus gasoline.

Aren’t electric vehicles slow and boring, like golf-carts?

Nope ! many golf carts are electric, but an electric car doesn ’ triiodothyronine have to drive like a golf haul. Electric and circuit board hybrid cars are a set of fun to drive because the electric drive is able to provide a lot of torsion promptly, which means a fast, smooth acceleration. One of the most extreme examples of how fast an electric fomite can be is the Tesla Roadster, which can accelerate from 0-60 miles per hour in just 3.9 seconds .

How do you recharge a plug-in hybrid or an electric vehicle?

All electric vehicles come with a standard 120V charging cord ( like your laptop or cell call ) that you can plug-in in your garage or carport. They besides can charge using a give charge station that operates at 240V. many houses already have 240V available for electric clothes dryers. You can install a 240V charging station at home plate, and plainly plug the cable car into the charging place. There are thousands of 120V and 240V public charging stations all over the state, and there ’ s a growing number of even higher power fast-charging stations around the country. many, but not all, electric vehicles are equipped to accept a high might firm charge.

How long does it take to recharge a plug-in vehicle?

It depends on how big the battery is, and whether you charge using a regular 120V release a 240V charging station, or a fast charger. circuit board hybrids with smaller batteries can recharge in about 3 hours at 120V and 1.5 hour at 240V. Electric vehicles with larger batteries can take up to 20+ hours at 120V and 4-8 hours using a 240V charger. Electric vehicles that are equipped for fast-charging can receive an 80 % charge in about 20 minutes .

How far can I drive on a charge?

circuit board hybrids may drive for 10-50 miles using lone electricity before they start using gasoline, and can then drive for approximately 300 miles ( depending on the size of the fuel tank, equitable like any other cable car ). Most early electric vehicles ( about 2011 – 2016 ) were adequate to of about 100 miles of driving before they need to be recharged. Current electric vehicles travel about 250 miles on a charge, though there are some, such as Teslas, that can do about 350 miles on a consign. many automakers have announced plans to bring to market electric vehicles that promise longer range and even faster charging.

How much do these cars cost?

The cost of today ’ randomness PEVs varies widely based on exemplar and manufacturer. many people choose to lease their PEV to take advantage of special price. Most PEVs qualify for federal tax breaks. Some states besides offer extra buy incentives, rebates, and tax breaks for these cars .

Are there any government rebates or tax breaks on these vehicles?

In brusque, yes. You can find more information on federal and state rebates, tax breaks, and other incentives on our Resources page .

What happens to the battery when it dies?

Batteries can be recycled, although there is hush more to learn about recycling the lithium-ion ( li-ion ) batteries used in circuit board electric vehicles. right now there aren ’ thymine very many companies that do recycle used li-ion vehicle batteries, because there aren ’ t many batteries to recycle so far. here at UC Davis ’ PH & EV Research Center, we ’ re besides exploring the choice of using the batteries in a “ second gear life ” application after they are no long dear enough for use in vehicles, and then recycling after the second life .

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