Roth IRAs offer a numeral of electric potential advantages over Traditional IRAs. Traditional IRAs allow for tax-deferred growth of retirement assets, with taxes being due when distributions are taken. Distributions of Roth IRA earnings are tax-free, a hanker as the Roth IRA has been open for more than five years and you are at least long time 59 1/2, or as a leave of your end, disability or using the first-time homebuyer exception. Distributions may be subject to a 10 % extra tax if taken anterior to historic period 59 1/2. other features include :
- With a Roth IRA, unlike Traditional IRAs, you do not have to take required minimum distributions (RMDs) during your lifetime.
- A Roth IRA can be used as an estate planning tool because the assets can be passed on tax-free to your beneficiaries.
- Tax diversification of retirement assets allows for more flexibility to manage taxable income in retirement.
Generally, a Roth IRA conversion makes sense if you:
- Won’t need the converted Roth funds for at least five years.
- Expect to be in the same or a higher tax bracket during retirement.
- Can pay the conversion taxes without using the retirement funds themselves.
- May not need the funds for retirement and may want to transfer them to your beneficiaries.
A Roth IRA conversion may not be appropriate if you:
- Are not sure what your tax situation will be like this year because once you convert you cannot recharacterize or “undo” the conversion.
- Have to deplete other assets to pay the taxes due on the conversion.
- Are pushed into a higher tax bracket due to the amount you convert.
- Will be in a lower tax bracket in retirement.
- Will be relocating to a state with no or lower state income tax.
- Are wanting to convert your RMD because RMDs cannot be converted. You must first satisfy your RMD and then complete a Roth conversion.
Before converting there are a few things to consider:
- You cannot recharacterize. Understand your tax situation and ability to pay for the conversion because a Roth conversion cannot be recharacterized.
- The availability of funds to pay income taxes. The benefits of a conversion are increased if the income taxes due can be paid out of non-retirement assets.
- To help manage your tax liability, you may choose to convert just a portion of your assets. There is no limit to the number of conversions you can do, so you may convert smaller amounts over several years.
- Your time horizon. Generally, if you will need the funds within the next five years, a Roth IRA is not a good choice. This is because a five-year waiting period is required if you are under age 59 1/2 before you can distribute the converted amount without owing the 10% additional tax. The longer the assets in the Roth IRA can be left untouched, the greater the benefit of tax-free earnings potentially accumulating.
Anyone is eligible to convert careless of their income or tax filing status.
To discuss the electric potential advantages of Roth IRAs and Roth IRA conversions with a Wells Fargo retirement professional, call 1-877-493-4727. To determine whether a Roth IRA conversion is right for you, talk to your tax adviser.