What is the FMCSA?
part of the U.S. Department of Transportation, the FMCSA develops and enforces federal base hit standards for commercial vehicles. Areas the agency oversees include CDL standards, carrier condom scores, drivers ’ hours-of-service and driver medical examinations. The FMCSA besides provides fund for states to conduct wayside truck inspections and other guard programs .
truck is a heavily regulated diligence. Before your company can begin operating, there are numerous politics requirements you will need to meet and besides keep current .
This checklist walk you through all the steps necessity to start a hauling company, gain your authority and operate legally as an interstate hauling ship’s company. If you have n’t already, learn how to create a clientele plan and find the right policy for your company, and be certain to bookmark our Complete Guide to Trucking Terms for a comprehensive truck dictionary .
#1 Get a Commercial Driver’s License
In ordain to operate arduous trucks, all of your caller ’ second drivers need valid commercial driver ’ s licenses ( CDLs ). Obtaining a license involves an extensive backdrop check, CDL coach, a written allow examination and a drive test. To be eligible for a CDL, you must be at least 18 years old. You must be at least 21 to drive a truck from submit to state of matter. Each department of state has unlike test standards for CDLs. To learn what your express requires, pick up a CDL manual at your local Department of Motor Vehicles office.
#2 Apply for Your Federal DOT and Motor Carrier Authority Numbers
These numbers are required for your hauling company to haul cargo in the United States. The U.S. DOT number is used to track your caller ’ mho guard record and submission with regulations. The centrifugal carrier ( MC ) total, which is besides known as “ operating authority, ” identifies the kind of hauling business you operate and the kinds of goods you are permitted to haul. You can acquire both numbers by registering your party with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration ( FMCSA ) .
To get both your megahertz and USDOT numbers, you must complete the Motor Carrier Identification Report ( MCS-150 ) and Safety Certification Application. You will receive your MC and USDOT numbers after the application is filed, but your request for agency must still be reviewed by the FMCSA. That follow-up includes a “ mandated quarrel period ” in which your application is posted to the Federal Register for 10 business days. This menstruation is to seek out populace comment from anyone who might contest your application for agency .
For more data, visit the FMCSA ’ s web site .
eminence : To file for DOT adjustment, you must first register as a occupation through your state. This is typically done through the Secretary of State ‘s office.
#3 Complete Your Unified Carrier Registration (UCR)
The UCR system was created to verify active indemnity coverage in each express where a motor carrier operates. You must register using your company ’ second USDOT and MC numbers. To learn more about UCR, visit your home country ‘s Department of Transportation web site .
#4 Get an International Registration Plan (IRP) Tag
An IRP license plate issued by your company ’ mho home state allows your hand truck to operate in all states, american samoa well as most canadian provinces. The plate requires an annual renewal fee. For more information, visit the Department of Transportation web site for the submit where your company is based .
#5 Understand Heavy Use Tax Regulations
Any truck that weighs 55,000 pounds or more is subject to the federal heavy-highway vehicle use tax. To pay taxes due on your fleshy trucks, you must complete and file a 2290 tax form with the IRS on a annual basis. For more information on the form, visit www.irs.gov .
#6 Obtain an International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) Decal
The IFTA agreement was established to simplify the report of fuel used by trucks operating across the lower 48 U.S. states and some canadian provinces. The rule allows your ship’s company to have a single fuel license and requires you to file quarterly fuel use tax returns with the express where you are based. To learn more about IFTA, visit your state of matter ’ second Department of Transportation web site.
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#7 File a BOC-3 Form
One necessity to gain interstate operating authority is to register an up-to-date BOC-3 shape with the FMCSA. The imprint designates a person in each state where your company operates to act as a legal “ process agent. ” For model, if your caller is based in Missouri but you are sued by person in Georgia, you need an lawyer in Georgia who can receive the legal charge and communicate it to you and your local lawyer. For more information on the BOC-3 mannequin, sojourn www.fmcsa.dot.gov .
#8 Get A Standard Carrier Alpha Code (SCAC)
The SCAC is a privately controlled code used to identify different department of transportation companies. If you plan to haul military, government, international or intermodal loads, you will need an SCAC code. For more data, visit the National Motor Freight Traffic Association web site .
Set Yourself Up for Success
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