How to calculate debt-to-income ratio

double : Two young women standing together in their kitchen, having coffee and read together Your debt-to-income proportion shows lenders how much monthly debt you have compared to the money you earn. It ’ randomness one factor that lenders can consider when determining whether you qualify for different kinds of loans. here ’ s how this share is calculated and what you should know about it. column note : Credit Karma receives compensation from third-party advertisers, but that doesn ’ triiodothyronine affect our editors ’ opinions. Our third-party advertisers don ’ triiodothyronine recapitulation, approve or endorse our editorial message. It ’ sulfur accurate to the best of our cognition when posted .

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When you apply for a loan, like a mortgage, auto loan or personal loan, lenders often want to know how much debt you have compared to how much money you earn. In other words, they want to know your debt-to-income ratio.

Your debt-to-income proportion, or DTI, is a calculation of your monthly debt payments divided by your gross monthly income .
Let ’ s take a look at how to calculate your debt-to-income ratio, learn why your DTI matters, understand what a good debt-to-income ratio looks like and how to lower your DTI proportion .
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How to calculate your debt-to-income ratio

To calculate your DTI, add up the full of all of your monthly debt payments and divide this come by your megascopic monthly income, which is typically the amount of money you make before taxes and other deductions each month .
Graphic showing how to calculate debt-to-income ratio: divide monthly debt payments by gross monthly income to get DTI prototype : graphic showing how to calculate debt-to-income proportion : divide monthly debt payments by gross monthly income to get DTI
Let ’ s consider an exemplar. Say your crude monthly income is $ 6,500 and your debt payments sum $ 3,000. here ’ s how they break down .

Monthly bill Payment
Auto loan $500
Personal loan $400
Student loan $500
Credit cards $600
Mortgage $1,000
Total $3,000

Here’s how you’d calculate your debt-to-income ratio.
$ 3,000/ $ 6,500 x 100 = 46.2 %

Why do lenders care about my debt-to-income ratio?

When a lender considers whether or not to let you borrow money, it wants information about how you handle your finances — both past and give. So lenders will look at different factors — like your recognition reports, credit scores and debt-to-income proportion — to get an idea of your fiscal picture .
When lenders see a goodly debt-to-income ratio, it can help them feel more confident that you ’ ll be able to make your loanword payments. This might help you qualify for finance.

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When will lenders look at my debt-to-income ratio?

The process to borrow money differs depending on the character of loan and lender, but in general, lenders want the most accurate movie of your finances they can get before deciding whether to loanword you money. This means that your debt-to-income ratio may be separate of their calculations .


It can be particularly helpful to know what your debt-to-income proportion is before applying for a mortgage, because mortgage lenders often have rigorous DTI ratio requirements .
Some mortgage lenders will only consider you for a mortgage if your DTI ratio is under a certain share. According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, 43 % is typically the highest DTI ratio a borrower can have to get a qualify mortgage. On the other hand, some mortgage loans, such as FHA loans, may allow a higher DTI ratio .

Personal loans and auto loans

With personal loans and car loans, you might be able to qualify for financing with a DTI proportion higher than the typical 43 % detonator for a qualify mortgage. But you should pay close up care to your interest rate and monthly requital to make sure it ’ s low-cost for you .
Wells Fargo, for model, says that if you have a DTI of 35 % or less, you ’ re credibly in reasonably good shape .
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What is a good debt-to-income ratio?

A lower debt-to-income proportion is a good indicator that you ’ re able to take on more debt and pay it off .
Keep in mind that any type of debt, including student loans, credit poster balances, car loans, personal loans or mortgages, can increase your DTI proportion — a well as costs like child corroborate or alimony payments .
On the flip side, income from your caper, along with any half-time or freelance work and any alimony payments you receive, can count toward your gross income. So it ’ s authoritative that you keep track of all your debts and income in order to monitor your DTI ratio .

How can I improve my debt-to-income ratio?

There are a count of ways you can try to improve your debt-to-income ratio. The basic estimate is lowering your debt or increasing your income. here are some ideas .

  • Pay down debt early. If you have room in your finances, make more than the minimum payments on your debts each month so that you pay them down faster. For example, pay more than your minimum credit card payment every month.
  • Cut monthly expenses to pay off more debt. Look at your budget and consider ways you can adjust your spending so that you have more money to use toward debt repayment.
  • Consider a debt-consolidation loan. If you can’t make extra payments on your debt or trim your budget, a debt-consolidation loan could be a good option. This may help you reduce the amount of interest you pay while you work to pay down your debts.
  • Get a side hustle or ask for a raise. Extra income from side jobs can count toward your income when you calculate your debt-to-income ratio. The boost in salary you’d get from a raise could also help to lower your DTI.

What’s next?

Your debt-to-income proportion is an crucial number to know if you ’ re thinking about applying for a lend or other credit.

If your DTI is besides high gear, it can prevent you from getting the loanword you want. But if you can come up with a plan to reduce your debt or increase your income, you can work on lowering your DTI, which might improve your chances of qualifying for a lend .
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About the author: Paris Ward is a content strategist at Credit Karma, providing readers with the latest news that will aid their financial progress. She has more than a decade of experience as a writer and editor and holds a bachelor’s… Paris Ward is a capacity strategist at Credit Karma, providing readers with the latest news program that will aid their fiscal progress. She has more than a ten of experience as a writer and editor and holds a bachelor ’ s… Read more.

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