FAQs: Managing your account
Using your 529 money
How can I use the money in my account?
You can use the money in your account to pay for a variety show of qualify higher education expenses. These expenses are considered qualified expenses for both federal and New York State income tax purposes and include :
- tuition, fees, books, supplies, and equipment required for enrollment or attendance at an eligible educational institution; the purchase of certain computer equipment, software, internet access, and related services, if used primarily by the beneficiary while enrolled at an eligible educational institution;
- certain room and board expenses during academic periods in which the beneficiary is enrolled at least half-time at an eligible educational institution; and
- certain expenses at eligible educational institutions for students with special needs.
Are there other expenses for which I can use the money in my account?
You can besides use the money in your account to pay for certain other expenses. These expenses are considered dependent expenses for union income tax purposes. however, for New York State tax purposes, they are considered nonqualified withdrawals :
- expenses for tuition in connection with enrollment or attendance at an elementary or secondary public, private, or religious school (K-12 tuition), of up to $10,000 per year per beneficiary,
- expenses for fees, books, supplies, and equipment required for the participation of a beneficiary in an apprenticeship program registered and certified with the Secretary of Labor (apprenticeship expenses), or
- principal or interest on federally qualified education loans of the beneficiary or a sibling of the beneficiary up to at $10,000 lifetime limit per individual (qualified education loan repayments).
Please note that distributions to pay K-12 tutelage, apprenticeship expenses or to make qualify education loanword repayments are considered nonqualified withdrawals for NY State tax purposes and will require the recapture of any tax benefits that have accrued on contributions. NY 529 account owners in other states should seek guidance from the country in which they pay taxes. account owners are encouraged to consult a qualify tax adviser about their personal position .
Do I have to pay taxes on withdrawals I take from my account?
All withdrawals for qualified expenses are tax free for federal income tax purposes. Withdrawals for restricted higher education expenses are tax free for New York State income tax purposes. Withdrawals for K-12 tutelage, apprenticeship expenses and certified department of education loanword repayments are considered nonqualified withdrawals and subject to recapture of previously taken New York State income tax deductions.
A nonqualified withdrawal is anything other than a :
- qualified withdrawal.
- withdrawal because of the death or disability of the beneficiary.
- withdrawal because of the receipt of a qualified scholarship by the beneficiary (as long as the amount withdrawn does not exceed the amount of the scholarship).
- rollover into a 529 plan not offered by the State of New York in accordance with Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code.
- transfer of assets to another beneficiary in a 529 plan offered by the State of New York (as long as the new beneficiary is a member of the family of the original beneficiary).
New York State Taxes.
Contributions of up to $ 10,000 are deductible annually from New York State taxable income for marry couples filing jointly ; individual taxpayers can deduct up to $ 5,000 annually .
To qualify for New York State tax-exempt withdrawals on earnings, the money must be used for dependent higher education expenses for the benefactive role at an eligible educational mental hospital .
Distributions to pay K-12 tuition, apprenticeship expenses or qualified education loan repayments are considered nonqualified withdrawals for New York State tax purposes and will require the recapture of any tax benefits that have accrued on contributions. NY 529 bill owners in other states should seek guidance from the state in which they pay taxes. account owners are encouraged to consult a dependent tax adviser about their personal position .
Do I pay taxes on rollovers to an ABLE Plan?
explanation owners can besides roll over 529 design assets into ABLE plan accounts, subject to the annual ABLE plan contribution limit, until December 31, 2025 according to federal law. Rollovers of 529 design assets into ABLE plan accounts will not be considered taxable events for purposes of federal or New York State taxes. For more details about the Direct Plan ‘s tax benefits, refer to the Disclosure Booklet and Tuition Savings Agreement .
The New York State tax deduction may be submit to recapture in certain circumstances such as rollovers to another state ’ s 529 plan, nonqualified withdrawals, or withdrawals used to pay expenses for tuition in association with registration or attendance at an elementary or secondary public, secret, or religious school. Please consult your tax adviser .
Do I have to use my savings at a New York college or university?
No. The money in your account may be used at any eligible higher department of education institution in the United States and abroad that qualifies under federal guidelines .
This includes most public and private colleges and universities, calibrate and graduate schools, residential district colleges, and certain trade wind and vocational schools .
How do I know which educational institutions are eligible?
If a school ‘s been assigned a federal school code by the U.S. Department of Education, then it ‘s an eligible institution under Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code .
Search the federal school codes
What types of withdrawals are qualified under federal law, but nonqualified under New York State law?
federal law allows 529 plan account owners to withdraw assets to pay for expenses for tutelage in connection with registration or attendance at an elementary or secondary public, private, or religious school up to $ 10,000 per year per beneficiary with no resulting federal taxes on account earnings or penalties .
Federal jurisprudence besides allows 529 design history owners to withdraw assets to pay expenses for fees, books, supplies and equipment required for participation in apprenticeship programs and to pay principal and sake on stipulate education loans for the benefactive role or any of the beneficiary ’ south siblings. The apprenticeship programs must be registered and certified with the U.S. Secretary of Labor and the lend refund provisions apply to repayments up to a life restrict of $ 10,000 per individual. These withdrawals will have no federal tax impact .
Under New York State law, these distributions are considered nonqualified withdrawals and will require the recapture of any New York State tax benefits that have accrued on contributions. NY 529 account owners in other states should seek guidance from the state in which they pay taxes. account owners are encouraged to consult a modify tax adviser about their personal situation .
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How can I contribute to my account?
You can contribute by :
- Electronic bank transfer (one-time contributions in varying amounts from your checking or savings account).
- Recurring contributions (also known as an automatic investment plan or AIP), which are set amounts moved from your checking or savings account on a regular basis.
- Payroll deduction (through participating employers only).
- Check (made payable to “New York’s 529 College Savings Program Direct Plan”).
- Rollover from another 529 plan.
- Transfer from an education savings account or a Series EE or I U.S. savings bond.
- Transfer from a Uniform Gifts/Transfers to Minors Act (UGMA/UTMA) account.
Learn more about UGMA/UTMA accounts in FAQs : other park questions
We do n’t accept contributions made in cash or by recognition poster, third-party personal checks over $ 10,000, alien checks not in U.S. dollars, checks dated more than 180 days anterior to receipt, or postdate checks .
We besides do n’t accept non-cash assets, such as common investment company shares or early securities .
Note: Contact your tax adviser to find out the tax implications related to versatile contribution methods .
Who can contribute to an account?
Anyone can contribute, not equitable the account owner. Contributions by arrest must be made account payable to “ New York ‘s 529 College Savings Program Direct Plan, ” and include your report number ( if you ‘re not the account owner, make certain that you have the correct report phone number for the benefactive role ). You ‘ll besides need to download and complete an extra leverage Form and send it with your check .
Complete an Additional Purchase Form
Note: only account owners are eligible for the New York State income tax tax write-off, if applicable, on contributions they make to their accounts .
How can friends and family members contribute to my account?
Sign up for Ugift—Give College Savings* and link your Ugift score to your address plan account. You can then invite friends and family to contribute to your account by sharing a special Ugift code on Twitter or by e-mail. Gift-givers can use that code to make on-line contributions to Ugift, which will be transferred on a unconstipated basis to your direct plan report. Ugift besides provides printable gift coupons that you can distribute in person or by mail. The coupons are coded so that when they ‘re mailed in with contribution checks that money will be deposited into the right Direct Plan explanation .
*Ugift is a file service notice of Ascensus Broker Dealer Services, Inc .
If I choose to mail a check, when will my contribution be invested in the plan?
If your control and instructions are received in good arrange on a business day when the New York Stock Exchange ( NYSE ) is open, and prior to its close ( by and large 4 post meridiem, eastern time, Monday through Friday ), your contribution will be processed with the stream date as the trade wind date. If your check is received after the close of the NYSE, it will be processed using a trade date of the comply occupation day .
Note: All checks should be made account payable to “ New York ‘s 529 College Savings Program Direct Plan. ”
If I make a contribution via bank transfer, when will it be invested?
If your savings bank transfer is received in good order on a business day when the New York Stock Exchange ( NYSE ) is open, and anterior to its close ( broadly 4 post meridiem, easterly time, Monday through Friday ), you ‘ll receive that day ‘s trade date. Your purchase will be made at that day ‘s close price for units of the applicable portfolio. Your bank history will be debited on the clientele sidereal day following the deal date .
If your bank transportation is received in good arrange after the close up of the NYSE, you ‘ll receive a trade date of the adjacent clientele day. Your bank account will be debited on the business day following the trade date ( i.e., the second occupation day after your request date ) .
If I set up recurring contributions (also known as an automatic investment plan or AIP), when will my contributions be invested?
Your depository financial institution account will be debited on the day you designate, provided that day is a regular business day. If the day falls on a weekend or a holiday, the debit will occur on the next business day. Your lead plan account will be credited on the business day preceding the day the deposit debit occurs .
The first recurring contribution debit must be at least three days from the date your request is received. quarterly recurring contributions will be made every three months on the date you indicate, not by calendar quarter.
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If you do n’t indicate a date, the recurring contributions will be made on the 20th of the calendar month .
What kinds of accounts can I use for recurring contributions or bank transfers?
You can use a personal check or savings account held with a U.S. fiscal institution that is a member of the Automated Clearing House ( ACH ) network .
You ca n’t use a bankbook save account for recurring contributions or an electronic transfer option. Generally, money market accounts are n’t eligible .
Can I set up recurring contributions or a bank transfer using assets from a mutual fund?
No. Most common fund companies are n’t members of the ACH network .
Can I recontribute refunds I receive from a college or university?
Yes. If your beneficiary receives a refund from an eligible educational initiation for money paid for modify higher department of education expenses, you may recontribute the refund to the account for which he or she is a beneficiary. The money must be recontributed within 60 days after the date of the refund and ca n’t exceed the refund come .
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How soon can I begin making withdrawals?
You may make withdrawals at any clock time, taking into consideration the follow guidelines :
- Contributions you make by check, recurring contributions, or electronic bank transfer will be available for withdrawal after seven business days.
- If you request a withdrawal by check at the same time you change your mailing address, the withdrawal will be held for nine business days.
- If you add or change bank information, you need to allow 15 days for withdrawals by electronic transfer.
How do I make withdrawals from the plan?
Withdrawals can be requested on-line by logging onto your score, by telephone, or by submitting a Withdrawal Request Form .
Qualified higher education withdrawals for attendance at eligible educational institutions can be sent to :
- The account owner.
- The beneficiary.
- The eligible educational institution.
Withdrawals for K-12 tutelage can not be sent directly to the beneficiary or the educational initiation. We will merely send withdrawals for K-12 tutelage to the account owner .
All other withdrawals ( i.e. nonqualified withdrawals ) can be sent to :
- The account owner.
- The beneficiary.
Learn more about making withdrawals
Complete the Withdrawal Request form
How long do withdrawals take?
If your secession request is received in well decree on a business day when the New York Stock Exchange ( NYSE ) is open, and anterior to its close ( broadly 4 post meridiem, easterly meter, Monday through Friday ), it will be processed with that day ‘s trade date. Withdrawals received in effective order after the close of the NYSE, will receive the following business day ‘s craft date .
If you request the proceeds by check, they will typically be mailed to the recipient role within three business days after the trade date. Allow ten occupation days for the check to be received .
If you request that the proceeds be sent to you electronically, you ‘ll need to have bank information set up 15 days anterior to making the request. Note: No matter how you receive the proceeds, allow extra meter during periods of heavy bulk, as crediting the scholar ‘s account may be delayed .
besides keep in mind that during periods of market volatility and at year-end, withdrawal requests may take up to five occupation days to work .
What tax forms will I receive when I make a withdrawal?
We ‘ll generate a Form 1099-Q in January of the calendar year following a year in which there was a withdrawal from the account. The recipient role of the 1099-Q will be either the explanation owner or the beneficiary, depending on who received the proceeds of the withdrawal .
Withdrawals sent to the account owner will be reported under the explanation owner ‘s Social Security number. Withdrawals sent to the beneficiary or to an educational institution will be reported under the beneficiary ‘s Social Security count, per IRS guidelines .
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Can I change the beneficiary?
You can change the beneficiary on your account at any clock, provided that the newfangled benefactive role is an eligible family member of the original benefactive role. An eligible class member is a :
- Brother, sister, stepbrother, or stepsister.
- Son, daughter, stepson or stepdaughter (or descendant of either).
- Father or mother (or an ancestor of either).
- Stepfather or stepmother.
- Son or daughter of a brother or sister.
- Brother or sister of the father or mother.
- Son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, father-in-law, or mother-in-law.
- Spouse, or the spouse of any individual previously listed.
- First cousin.
You can besides find this list of eligible syndicate members in the Disclosure Booklet and Tuition Savings Agreement .
Read the Disclosure Booklet
What happens if the beneficiary doesn’t want to continue his or her education?
If that ‘s the case, you have three options :
Stay invested. You can leave the money in the report in case the beneficiary decides to attend school former. There ‘s no historic period limit for using the money .
Change the beneficiary. You can change the beneficiary on your report at any clock time, provided that the raw beneficiary is an eligible family member of the original beneficiary
consult to the list of eligible syndicate members under the former question, “ Can I change the benefactive role ? “, or in the Disclosure Booklet and Tuition Savings Agreement .
Read the Disclosure Booklet
Withdraw the money for other uses. A 10 % federal penalty tax on earnings will apply if you withdraw money for any reason other than to pay qualify higher education expenses. Exceptions to this penalty include a withdrawal made because the benefactive role :
- Has died or become disabled.
- Received a scholarship, to the extent the withdrawal amount doesn’t exceed the scholarship amount.
- Has enrolled in an eligible U.S. military academy, to the extent that the sum of the withdrawal does n’t exceed the value of the department of education. eligible academies include the U.S. Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, Coast Guard Academy, and Merchant Marine Academy .
additionally, any roll up earnings that are withdrawn from your bill must besides be reported on the recipient ‘s income tax hark back for the year in which they ‘re distributed, and you may owe federal, country, and local anesthetic income taxes.
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Contact your tax adviser to determine how to report a nonqualified withdrawal .
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